- Posted by: Enjoy Russian
- Category: Interesting Russia
Greatest Russian inventors
There were and are now so many talented people in Russia: engineers, scientists, artists (excluding Pyotr Pavlensky LOL)… In this post we are going to tell you about 5 greatest inventions that were made in Russia (Russian Empire, Russian SFSR, Russian Federation).
A.S. Popov, a professor of physics, showed his radio receiver in May, 1895 at the meeting of the Physical and Chemical Committee in Saint Petersburg. Unfortunately, he didn’t patent it and the Nobel prize for radio invention was given to G. Marconi.
2. Petrol cracking
You cannot imagine living in the modern world without a car but no car would be possible without petrol. Cracking is a process that allows petrol to be produced from heavy or high-boiling factions of oil and it is owing to cracking that we can produce the enormous amounts of petrol modern cars consume. Cracking allows up to 70% of crude oil to be turned into petrol, while standard distillation methods provide 10% to 20%. The cracking method was invented by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov, who also created the first industrial cracking unit in 1891.
Fyodor Pirotsky’s invention of an electrically powered railway Trams was the beginning of the transport revolution that contributed to the development of towns and industrial centers. Fyodor Pirotsky conducted a slew of experiments that started in 1874-1876, on the transmitting of electricity over long distances, with one rail serving as a direct conductor and the other, as a reverse conductor. An electric motor, located one kilometer from the power source, worked. A few years later, he conducted an experiment at a railway spur near the Sestroretsk line in St. Petersburg, Russia. Some historians claim that the result of his work brought the first electric tram to the world. The first real electrified tram line was opened as late as 1881 in a Berlin suburb on the based on designs by the Russian inventor.
4. Incandescent lamp
Ideas of Alexander Lodygin were well ahead of time – his electric flying machine was built 50 years after its invention, his diving apparatus was the father of modern diving suite, wolfram filaments are still in our lamps today. In 1872 he patented his invention that represented a vacuum flask with a carbon core inside. In 1884 the scientist was awarded at Vienna Electrotechnical Exhibition for his lamps, which showed better parameters than lamps of other participants.
5. Grain harvester
Andrei Vlasenko ran an estate in Tver province. In 1868, he invented the world’s first grain harvester, which he called a “reaper-thrasher”. It was mostly wooden and was powered by three horses. The machine had a capacity of twenty 19th century peasants. Vlasenko built two machines, powered by two horses each and driven by a single operator, which worked on the landowner’s fields in Tver province for many years. Only a decade later, American newspapers delivered breaking news about a thrasher built in California – newsmen called it a “combine harvester”. The first American harvester was similar to Vlasenko’s machine in terms of its operating principle, but was powered by 24 mules and driven by seven operators.
Russians has also made many inventions while living abroad
I. I. Sikorskiy created the first serial helicopter (late 1930s) in the USA. A. M. Ponyatov emigrated in the years of the civil war and continued his work in the USA. In 1956, the Ampex company under his direction presented the world’s first commercial videotape recorder. V. K. Zvorykin, who designed an iconoscope, a kinescope, basic color television, also made most of his inventions in the USA, where he had emigrated in 1919.