- Posted by: Enjoy Russian
- Category: Russian learning materials
Let’s learn formal/informal Russian greetings, dative case and personal pronouns
Let us start with the easy one – Russian greetings. They could be formal and informal as in any other language. When you talk to friends in Russian you usually use the following expressions: ПРИВЕТ – PRIVET – HI! or ЗДРАВСТВУЙ! – ZDRASTVUI – Hello! or you can use Russian КАК ДЕЛА? – KAK DELA? – How are you? We also ask sometimes КАК ПОЖИВАЕШЬ? – KAK PO-ZHI-VA-YESH? which basically means How are you doing. As for the informal greetings, you may use a word similar to ЗДРАВСТВУЙ – ЗДРАВСТВУЙТЕ! (ZDRASTVUITE) which also means HELLO. If you want to ask HOW ARE YOU in a formal situation, say КАК У ВАС ДЕЛА? (KAK U VAS DELA?)
Here is the picture to make it clearer:
Personal pronouns in Russian
If you are a total beginner, just cover 6 columns (with the cases) with your study book and try to remember 7 short Russian pronouns first. Keep in mind that YOU is both formal and informal pronoun depending on the context. Rady to move on? Then open up the cases.
Dative case in Russian:
The main function of the Dative case is to show a recipient of an action. Like in English when you say “To whom?” (to call to whom, to text to whom, etc.). “Я звоню Марине” (I’m calling to Marina).
If you still have some questions concerning Russian grammar, feel free to ask a professional tutor!