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In this article, we are going to talk about pronunciation. There is a popular belief that if once you learn the Russian alphabet and pronounce the letters right, you don't have to worry about pronunciation anymore. Partly it is true. If you pronounce the word as it is, native speakers will understand you but your speech will sound a little bit unnaturally. Now, we will introduce a few tricks in pronunciation that will help you speak as Russians do.№1: Consonants с and ч in the root of a word are pronounced as [щ].
For example: счастье [щастье], расчёска [ращоска], считать [щитать], расчёсывать [ращосывать], счёт [щот]. These words are usually introduced at the beginning of any Russian courses so it will be good if you learn to say them correctly at the start.№2: The letter о sounds like [a] in unstressed positions.
When the letter o is not stressed, we say [a]: хорошо[харашо], молоко[малако], корова[карова]. It should be mentioned that in some regions of Russia people tend to pronounce [o] distinctively even in unstressed positions. In such cities as Ivanovo, Novgorod, Vologda, Kirov, Kostroma, Nizhny Novgorod, Arkhangelsk, and other northern regions it is quite common.№3: Some sounds are omitted because of clusters of consonants, and you must memorize these words.
The following words belong to this group: чувствовать [чуствавать], здравствуйте [здраствуйте], солнце [сонце].№4: the ending -тся (-ться) in reflexive verbs is pronounced as [ца].
This rule is very significant because reflexive verbs are widely used in everyday communication. Let's look at this sentence: Завтра мне нужно рано проснуться, умыться, накраситься, одеться, собраться на работу, а потом я буду заниматься спортом и учиться на онлайн курсе. See? A woman says that she will wake up early, wash her face, makeup, get dressed, get ready for work, and after that, she will do sports and study. This sentence contains seven reflexive verbs where the ending is pronounced as [ца].№5: Voiced consonants become unvoiced in the final position in the word or the position before an unvoiced consonant.
Such consonants as г, д, б, в, з, ж
are pronounced as [к], [т], [п], [ф], [с], [ш]
if they are situated in the final position of the word. Let's go over a few examples: друг [друк
], город [горат
], хлеб [хлеп
], архив [архиф
], глаз [глас
], гараж [гараш
]. The same consonants become devoiced if you find them in the position before unvoiced consonants: лодка [лот
ка], трубка [труп
ка], всегда [ф
сегда], сказка [скас
ка], ложка [лош
These pronunciation rules will help you sound like a native speaker and understand Russians better. You can try and practice saying these words according to the rules on your own or join our individual or group Russian courses. Remember, only practice makes perfect!
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